What hunters should know about Utah’s 2020 waterfowl hunts

Goose production was great this year in Cache Valley because the weather was mild in the early spring making it very favorable for them to survive.

SALT LAKE CITY — Blair Stringham, the Division of Wildlife Resources waterfowl wildlife program assistant chief, said he is worried about feed for this year’s waterfowl. This year’s waterfowl hunting forecast looks promising if hunters can find wet areas to hunt in. The dry spring and no late winter storms has forced the waterfowl to water management areas.

Wearing clothes that match the color of the marsh — and not moving as ducks fly overhead or work your decoys — are key to being a successful duck hunter.

“I think, overall, because we had a dry spring there will be less feed for waterfowl this year so the Waterfowl Management Areas will be the best place to hunt,” he said. “The managed wetlands are good for hunting because there is plenty of water and feed.”

Cache Valley could be the exception with all of the waterways and sloughs there should be plenty of birds.

Goose production was great this year in Cache Valley from what we’ve seen. The weather in the early spring was very favorable, meaning we didn’t get much flooding or any major storms during the nesting time period, so geese likely had nest success and good survival of goslings.”

There should be a lot of young birds and that should make for a good hunt.

Here are some other tips hunters should pay attention to.

With the exception of swans (which require a permit from the hunt drawing that ended July 16), the rest of the waterfowl hunts in Utah are open to anyone with a Utah hunting license. However, you are also required to have a Harvest Information Program (HIP) number to hunt any waterfowl in Utah, and a federal duck stamp if you are over the age of 15. You can register for a free HIP number on the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources website.

When planning to hunt ducks, geese or swans this fall, here are some helpful hints you might want to know and be aware of when the various seasons open:


Based on general observations, DWR biologists reported the production of ducks in Utah seemed good this year.

Typically, about 15 duck species can be found in Utah. Details and photos of each species can be found in the Utah Waterfowl 2020-21 Guidebook. Pintail and scaup numbers significantly decreased last year and will likely be lower this year as well.

Hunters can greatly improve their success during the duck hunt by spending some time scouting before each hunt,” Stringham said. “Learning where and when birds are in a specific location can allow hunters to be where the birds want to be, when they want to be there, and will greatly increase the number of birds they harvest.”

“Think about the species you are hunting and then look for them in the habitats they want to be in,” Stringham said. “If you aren’t finding the species you are targeting, move around to different areas until you find them.”

Calls are also an effective tool in helping hunters be successful during duck hunts. Dogs are great at helping hunters retrieve downed birds and will increase your chances of finding ducks that fall in thick cover.

The general-season duck hunt opens in Utah’s northern zone on Oct. 3 and in the southern zone on Oct. 17. The youth hunts open on Sept. 19 in the northern zone and on Oct. 3 in the southern zone. Check the Utah Waterfowl Guidebook for the boundaries of the two zones and to see the bag limits for ducks.


Hunting over duck decoys is the perfect way to bring ducks in for a good shot.

One of the best ways to be successful during the geese hunts is to use a good call.

“Calling is a very important part of goose hunting,” Stringham said. “Geese are very social birds, so being able to sound like a goose can help hunters harvest more birds.”

Hunters should also note that most light goose hunting takes place on private property. Make sure to get written permission from landowners before hunting on their property.

The light geese general season opens on Oct. 26. The dark geese season opens on Oct. 3 in the northern goose area, the eastern Box Elder goose area, and the Wasatch Front goose area, and on Oct. 17 in the southern goose area. The youth hunts allow dark goose hunting and will be held on Sept. 19 for the eastern Box Elder, northern and Wasatch Front goose areas, and on Oct. 3 for the southern goose area. Also, remember that for most goose seasons there is a period of time during the middle of the hunt when the season is closed. Check the Utah Waterfowl Guidebook for the specific zone boundaries and season dates.


Tens of thousands of swans move through Utah every fall on their way to their wintering grounds in California. Swan populations generally remain stable, so they will likely be similar to last year.

“Swans migrate and stop over at the same locations each year,” Stringham said. “Traditional hunting areas, such as the Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge, will hold swans beginning the first part of November until the marshes freeze up.”

Hunters should also be aware that swans will leave resting areas to feed during the morning and late afternoon, and throughout the day as temperatures get colder.

Hunters should also be sure of the swan species they are targeting before attempting to harvest one. Trumpeter and tundra swans both migrate through Utah and can be identified by size and sound. Trumpeter swans are significantly larger than tundra swans. Trumpeter swans do not have a yellow-colored area near their eyes, and they also make a distinctive trumpet-like sound, hence their name.

Similar to last year, there is a federal quota of 20 trumpeter swans that can be harvested in Utah. The swan hunting season was closed early for the first time in Utah last year because the federal quota for trumpeter swans was reached. Hunters with a permit can legally take one trumpeter or tundra swan; however, hunters are discouraged from harvesting trumpeter swans.

Utah is one of only nine states in the U.S. that allows hunting for swans. Due to the low population size of trumpeter swans in the Greater Yellowstone area, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service sets an annual harvest quota for the number of trumpeter swans that can be harvested in Utah.

The general swan season opens on Oct. 3, and youth with swan permits may hunt swans during the youth waterfowl hunt in the northern zone, which takes place on Sept. 19. Those with a swan permit may harvest only one swan during the 2020 season.

Waterfowl Management Areas

There are more than 20 Waterfowl Management Areas (WMAs) throughout Utah that are owned and managed by the DWR. The majority of the WMAs are in great condition and should have lots of birds when the hunts open.

For specific details and condition reports about the other WMAs, visit the DWR website. The WMAs open to public foot traffic in September and to boats on Sept. 17.

Waterfowl Slam

DWR has added a fun and challenging event to waterfowl hunting. Hunters might consider completing the Waterfowl Slam. Hunters earn a slam by completing different requirements, such as harvesting a group of species in a certain time period or location. There are currently 10 slams with different levels of difficulty, so you can find a variety of fun, unique challenges.

Ducks gather on the Bear River.

Along with trying something new, hunters who complete the slam can also earn colorful, collectable leg bands. The money earned from the slam is used to complete habitat-improvement projects on the different WMAs


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